The LIFE program is the Environment financing tool of the European Union. The general goal for the LIFE program is to contribute to the feasibility, update, and developing of the environment politics and EU legislation by the co-financing of pilot projects.
This program aims to facilitate the environment issues into other politics and, generally, helps with the sustainable development.
- LIFE+ includes three different topics:
- LIFE+ “nature and biodiversity”
- LIFE+ “Politics and environment governance”
- LIFE* “Information and communication”
The program began in 1992 and as today there have been completed 4 phases (LIFE 1: 1992-1995, LIFE 2: 1996-1999, LIFE 3: 2000-2006, LIFE +: 2007-2013).
During this timeframe, LIFE has co-financed almost 3,954 different projects in all the EU, contributing with € 3.100.000.000 for the environment conservation.
Natura 2000 is the centrepiece of EU nature & biodiversity policy. It is an EUwide network of nature protection areas established under the 1992 Habitats Directive. The aim of the network is to assure the long-term survival of Europe’s most valuable and threatened species and habitats. It is comprised of Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) designated by Member States under the Habitats Directive, and also incorporates Special Protection Areas (SPAs) which they designate under the 1979 Birds Directive